Following the loss or extraction of your teeth, your bone undergoes a 25 percent reduction in mass, requiring a bone regeneration treatment, also known as bone grafting. This involves rebuilding your jawbone by stimulating bone tissue growth using a graft.
To help restore the bone to a sufficient quality and quantity, we provide the options of using bone from a donor, your bone, or synthetic material for the procedure. To be eligible for various oral treatments, you are required to have adequate bone volume. Alexandra Garcia, DDS, MS can help guide you through the whole process from using the right graft to fitting it.
Bone Regeneration Options
There are four different grafting procedures to choose from, depending on the grafting material you decide on. Each option will have its pros and cons. The first option you can opt for is an autograft; it is the most popular option among the four. The procedure uses the bone from a different location on your body (hip, tibia, or jaw) as a source for the graft. There is a lower risk of rejection following this procedure as the graft used is made of your tissue. However, this requires another step and another site on your body to be accessed surgically.
Second, we have allografts. This requires extracting bone tissue from a donor. The advantage of this procedure is that no other surgery site is involved, but the healing process is slow.
On the other hand, we have xenografts, the source of the graft is animal bones; many are reluctant to use animal bones.
Lastly, we have an alloplastic grafting procedure that uses synthetic material. There is no risk of bone disease transmission, but you may encounter graft rejection.
Procedure for Performing Bone Regeneration
In bone regeneration surgery, a graft will act as a framework for rebuilding the jawbone. As mentioned previously, there are many types of grafting materials to choose from, and each will determine the number of grafts you will require and the time it will take for recovery post-surgery. The procedure takes place under local anesthesia.
The first step of the procedure involves placing a biodegradable barrier (membrane) to prevent your gums from healing into your bone site. The barrier eventually dissolves away after a set period of time. Following the membrane’s placement, the graft is placed into the area where the bone is to rebuild itself. It takes approximately six months for the site to heal and bone growth to complete.
When Should You Get Bone Regeneration Surgery?
There are many reasons you might need to get bone regeneration surgery; some may be due to loss of bone as a result of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease causes the formation of plaque that provides an environment for bacterial growth. The bacterium then damages the teeth along with its bone once it penetrates your socket.
Additionally, if you are considering getting a dental implant to replace missing teeth, you might hear our dentist say that you do not have adequate bone volume. This means that the bone required to stabilize and fix the dental implant is not present in sufficient quantity. Hence it becomes necessary to get bone regeneration surgery before you undergo a dental implant procedure.
To learn more about bone regeneration, dental implant placement, dental implant cost, and how these procedures can help you, visit Alexandra Garcia, DDS, MS or call us at (346) 250-2930 to find out more.